One of the architects of the Paris Agreement has said she is “disappointed” by lack of investment in carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology.
Christiana Figueres, the former head of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, told journalists in Brussels this week that the most effective form of CCS is trapping carbon dioxide in trees.
“First, we should be accelerating exponentially natural carbon capture and storage by stopping deforestation and allowing reforestation to occur.”
“Having said that… on industrial CCS – or CCUS – it has been disappointing that there has been so little investment either from the private or the public sector.”
CCS and CCUS (carbon capture, utilisation and storage) are seen as vital for carbon intensive industrial processes like steel and cement and production, for which no renewable alternatives currently exist.
An example of how this technology can work comes from the Gassnova Project, currently being pioneered in Norway. The project will collect the CO2 produced by a cement factory, a waste incineration site and fertiliser factory and transport it by ship to the West coast of Norway where it will be buried under the sea bed.
Figueres joins a growing number of climate experts who argue that it will not be possible deliver the Paris Agreement without significant investment in CCS.